Perseus 4 Quick Start Guide

Find a specific text or work:

Navigate to the work via the Collections:

In some instances, the exact title or Perseus title of a specific work may be unknown. The best way to browse through the works in Perseus is through the Collections.

image of P4 home page with collections highlighted
Figure 1: P4 home page (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/) with Collections link highlighted

The resulting page will list the available collections in the current release of the Perseus Digital Library.

P4 collections (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collections)
Figure 2: P4 collections (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collections)

A classical work will be in the Greek and Roman Materials, so in this example, link to that collection.

Choosing Greek and Roman Materials (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collections)
Figure 3: Choosing Greek and Roman Materials (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collections)

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collection?collection=Perseus:collection:Greco-Roman
Figure 4: Greek and Roman Materials page
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/collection?collection=Perseus:collection:Greco-Roman)

Works are listed under author names. To find an author, you can search the browser page, or simply scroll down. When there is a blue arrow beside the author name, this means there is a sublist of works related to this author. Simply click the arrow to display the list.

Revealing works associated with Homer
Figure 5: Revealing works associated with author Homer

The list will indicate the primary language of the work and information on the editor when available.

Search on the the author and /or title:

If you know the Perseus author and/or title of the work, you can enter this information in any search box, such as the one on the home page. Keep in mind, if you are using a variation on a name or a title, it may not be the name used in Perseus, and it may not return the results you are expecting.

In this example, Homer Iliad has been entered in the search box.

close up of search box on P4 home page
Figure 6: P4 home page (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu) with close up of search box

The returned results will appear similiar to this. Note the Relevant Works in the right hand side bar.


Figure 7: P4 search results for Homer Iliad
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/searchresults?q=Homer+Iliad)

The Relevant Works will list all versions of the work for which you searched. Many works in Perseus have more than one version, (which is why this list appears to contain duplicate results), and also works may be referenced differently. By clicking on the first result, we are taken to the Greek of the Iliad:
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001
Figure 8: First link under Relevant Works, Greek of Iliad (Oxford, 1920 ed.)
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001)

Perhaps you wanted another version? A translation of the Iliad, for instance. All you need to do is change the focus text by selecting one of the alternate versions in the upper right hand part of the second column.

(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001)
Figure 9: Other versions of this work
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001)

Simply click the focus link next to the version you would like to study. In this example, the focus has been changed to the English 1924 version, the first version listed in the right side bar.

(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001)
Figure 10: Changing the focus text
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:abo:tlg,0012,001)
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0134:book=1:card=1)
Figure 11: New focus text (Murray, 1924 ed.)
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0134:book=1:card=1)

Translate a word.

Many users want to use Perseus to translate an ancient Greek or Latin word. A majority of the time, the word in question is inflected, meaning it is not a form you would find in the dictionary (i.e. a lemma). (For example, in English, you will not find the word taught in the dictionary: you must look under teach.) Start by analyzing the form with the Word Study Tool rather than looking in the dictionary, since the form may not be in the dictionary.

To go to the word study tool, select All Search options under any search box.

all search options link
Figure 12: All Search Options link

Perseus Search Tools page (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/search)
Figure 13: Perseus Search Tools page (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/search)

To translate a word, use the word study tool in the right hand column of the page. In our example we will translate the Greek and the Latin sequitur. Click show to show the tool and change the language as appropriate.
Note: You can only enter one word at a time and not phrases. You must transliterate the Greek according to the guide (you can't enter a Greek font).

word study examples
Figure 14: Two word study examples: Greek (L) and Latin (R)
Note the results for the search of, which will appear in a new browser window.

analysis of legousin
Figure 15: Results of analysis of legousin.
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/morph?l=legousin&la=greek)

In this case, there are three possible verbs from which this form is derived. In each case, the analysis provides a summary of possible forms, and a short definition (in the upper right of each box). To see a full definition, choose one of the lexica listed:

LSJ Greek-English Lexicon by Liddell, Scott & Jones detailed large lexicon with citations and definitions
Middle Liddell Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon lexicon with more concise definitions, fewer citations
Autenrieth A Homeric Dictionary by Georg Autenrieth specialized dictionary
Slater Lexicon to Pindar by William J. Slater specialized dictionary

The dictionary entry will appear in the bottom of the current window and give you the option of opening a new browser window into the lexicon.

Middle Liddell entry for legw3
Figure 16: Selecting Middle Liddell for legw3
word study tool window with dictionary entry
Figure 17: Resulting dictionary entry in bottom of word study tool window.

Note you can also search for this form with the search link, view word frequency statistics, and view the entry in a new window.

Results of analysis of sequitur
Figure 18: Results of analysis of sequitur.
(http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/morph?l=sequitur&la=la)

In this case, there is one possible verb from which this form is derived. The analysis provides a summary of the form, and a short definition (in the upper right of each box). To see a full definition, choose one of the lexica listed:

Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary by C. T. Lewis & C. Short detailed large lexicon with citations and definitions
Elem. Lewis Elementary Latin Dictionary, C. T. Lewis lexicon with more concise definitions, fewer citations

The dictionary entry will appear in the bottom of the current window and give you the option of opening a new browser window into the lexicon.
Note you can also search for this form with the search link, view word frequency statistics, and view the entry in a new window.